Many of us usually have this question in our minds, what is the journey of sustainable organic cotton and how is it different from normal cotton?
Organic cotton is defined as cotton that is grown organically in subtropical countries such as India, Turkey, China, and parts of the USA from non-genetically modified plants, and without the use of any synthetic agricultural chemicals such as fertilizers or pesticides aside from the ones allowed by the certified organic labeling.
Its production sustains the health of soils, ecosystems, and people by using natural processes rather than artificial inputs.
It is known that Cotton covers 2.5% of the world’s cultivated land but uses 10-16% of the world’s pesticides (including herbicides, insecticides, and defoliants), more than any other single major crop.
Environmental consequences of the elevated use of chemicals in the non-organic cotton growing methods:
- Chemicals used in the processing of cotton pollute the air and surface waters.
- Decreased biodiversity and shifting equilibrium of ecosystems due to the use of pesticides.
In contrast, Organic Cotton has the following benefits:
- No toxic chemicals are used in the growing of organic cotton. It doesn’t damage the soil, has less impact on the air, and uses 88% less water and 62% less energy.
- Organic cotton promotes safe work and better livelihoods for the farmers. They are not exposed to toxic chemicals in the fields or through their food and water supplies.
Slowly, the number of environment-conscious population is increasing, their main focus is to nurture the environment and let the earth breathe.
There is also a report that predicts, by 2025, two-thirds of the world’s population may face water shortages.
But organic cotton is 80% rain-fed, which reduces pressure on local water sources.
The absence of chemicals also means that water is cleaner and safer. The price for organic cotton is therefore sometimes, but not always, higher. However, with demand on the rise, more choices will become available.
Choosing organic cotton is the way ahead. In 2015, 26 million metric tonnes of cotton were produced globally, much of it for the apparel industry. Organic cotton makes up less than 1% of this. By choosing organic over conventional cotton you have the purchasing power to influence brands, manufacturers, and even farmers.
So let’s change this number. Let’s take a pledge to only buy organic cotton and support sustainability. It is our duty to protect our home and environment.
It’s high time we start a Fashion Revolution by making it all Organic and Sustainable.
Eco Clothing India is dedicated to create an ecosystem of sustainable fashion wear. We try make every aspect of our production sustainable and eco-friendly by using everything natural. From our fabrics to our color dyes, everything is certified chemical-free.